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The content and possible solutions of scientific-and-methodological, conceptual and technological problems arising at the turn of modern cybernetics and computer science are considered in the article. One of the such problems is the problem of justifying composition, structure, quantitative and qualitative characteristics of information that is necessary both for effective control of business-applications themselves and for control of information systems that provide for successful realization of the business processes. In this connection, the following problems can be listed among primary tasks that need to be solved: formation and justification of a system of indices for measuring information that is necessary for effective operation with adaptive integrated ACS (IACS) (for various classes of customers and applications); development and justification of methods and algorithms for determining values of the information measure indices; development and justification of the structure of regular information measurement. Investigation of interaction of people with adaptive IACS belongs to conceptual problems in this knowledge domain. In particular, the following topics can be listed: investigation of questions of goal formation for IACS and its proper interpretation; investigation of intelligent behavior of adaptive IACS in case of false (incorrect) goal setting.

Technological problems (questions) that call for urgent solution include investigation of such basic properties of adaptive IACS like self-configuration, selfservicing, self-optimization, fault tolerance (self-protection).

In this connection, the problem under discussion deals with formation of a new interdisciplinary direction at the turn of cybernetics, telecommunication theory and general systems theory. This direction was conditionally called neocybernetics by the authors of the report.

. 2009. . 11. ISBN 2078-9181 (.), ISSN 2078-9599 () SPIIRAS Proceedings. 2009. Issue 11. ISBN 2078-9181 (print), ISSN 2078-9599 (online)

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